Nearly 900 state legislators from 45 states asked the Supreme Court on Monday to uphold Roe v. Wade and reject Mississippi’s 15-week abortion ban, a direct attack on the landmark decision that legalized abortion nationwide.

Monday’s brief was filed by the State Innovation Exchange ,, a progressive legislation advocacy organization in the Dobbs case v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization. Opening arguments in front of the high court are set to begin this fall.

Of the amicus brief’s 897 signatory lawmakers, all were Democrats with the exception of two independents. All the signatories were from all 50 states, with the exception of Wyoming, North Dakota and Oklahoma. It is believed to be the largest ever collection of state legislators who have signed a brief in a Supreme Court case relating to abortion access.

NBC News obtained a copy of the brief before it was filed. The brief argued that it is the responsibility of the Supreme Court to uphold the legal precedents established by Roe v. Wade

. NBC News obtained a copy of the brief before it was filed.

” If the Court does not uphold the rule and precedent and instead guts Roe or overturns it, it will have devastating consequences for both women seeking abortions and their families. The brief states that legislators from states that are at risk of banning abortion without or gutting Roe have an incentive to protect Roe and ensure abortion is legal in their state.

The brief states that pre-viability restrictions like the one in Mississippi will adversely impact people of color, low income people, and other marginalized groups.

” The justices will answer a key question: Are pre-viability prohibitions unconstitutional. Jennifer Driver, the State Innovation Exchange’s senior director for reproductive rights, stated that the answer is “yes” and that decades of precedent have already proven it. “This brief demonstrates that nearly 1,000 state legislators are fighting back to say this court must maintain 50 years of precedent.”

Added Democratic Texas state Rep. Jasmine Crockett, who signed the brief: “This case should not about whether lawmakers and justices agree with having abortion access. It is about the fact that access to abortion health care a long-settled constitutional protection.”

The Supreme Court said in May that it would consider during its upcoming term the legality of Mississippi’s Gestational Age Act, which prohibits abortions after 15 weeks except in cases of medical emergencies or severe fetal abnormalities. A lower court ruled in favor of the law. A decision in the case would likely come in spring 2022.

In a filing in July, lawyers for the state of Mississippi urged the Supreme Court to not only uphold the state’s law, but to also explicitly overturn Roe v. Wade and Planned Parenthood v. Casey.

The Supreme Court’s decision to hear the Dobbs case is the first time in decades that it will consider the issue of abortion access — and abortion rights advocates have expressed concern that the newly conservative bench will be more receptive to abortion restrictions.

That concern appeared to be validated this month when the court, in a 5-4 ruling declined to block a restrictive Texas law banning abortions after fetal cardiac activity can be detected, or as early as six weeks into pregnancy. This law allows anyone to sue abortion providers and others who assist women in obtaining the procedure.

Adam Edelman is a political reporter for NBC News.

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